By the end of the Second World War, it had been just over a decade since Western Australians had voted to leave the Commonwealth of Australia. Much had changed in Commonwealth-State relations since Western Australians had complained about being treated so poorly by Canberra.
Responsibility for many areas of social and public policy had been transferred to the Federal Government, sometimes unwillingly. The States had given many of their rights in the interest of national survival. Many arms of government had become increasingly centralised, but the federal system remained intact, and with it many of the grievances and different points of view which had gone unresolved for fifty years.